When it comes to the internet, you might be inclined to think that countries boasting a more reliable infrastructure are also benefiting from better online security. Well, that’s proven to be a mere conjecture.
Published for this year’s Safer Internet Day on February 6, the new Surfshark report adds to another recent investigation in which the provider recorded over 1,700 websites containing unreported child sexual abuse content in the EU alone.
Children online safety conundrum
“In an age where our children leave their digital footprints before they can walk, ensuring their online journey is safe is not just a responsibility but also a crucial obligation,” Agneska Sablovskaja, Lead Researcher at Surfshark, told TechRadar.
It’s in this light that researchers decided to see whether or not there exists a correlation between better internet quality and children’s online security.
To do so, they compare the data coming from the Children’s Online Safety Index (COSI), a national-level metric that maps improvements in child online safety measures, the KidsRights Index which measures how children’s rights are respected worldwide, and their very own Digital Quality of Life, a global ranking of overall digital wellbeing.
What they found out was in stark contrast with what might look like from the surface.
Countries with a higher standard of digital life often exhibit higher levels of children’s online safety. Yet, Sablovskaja explained that this doesn’t necessarily translate into better protections for children in the end. “In some countries, particularly in Europe, a high quality of digital life does not guarantee a significant level of online protection for kids,” she added.
Among the worst-performing 19 countries, 14 are in Europe—Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland, and Ukraine. Three Asian nations (Israel, Bahrain, and Kazakhstan) are included due to a lack of effective child protection online, alongside two South American countries, Chile and Uruguay.
This scenario is only expected to worsen, say experts, as tech innovations increasingly expose the most vulnerable to new and ever-evolving threats.
Commenting on this point, the founder of the DQ Institute behind the global COSI index, Dr. Yuhyun Park said: “Today, with the fast deployment of generative AI, the metaverse, and XR-like (Extended Reality) pervasive devices, digital technology is changing children’s lives even more, yet there is minimal discussion regarding their potential harmful effects. Global coordinated action, akin to addressing climate challenges, is imperative, and we can no longer delay.”
Parents should make sure to be able to control the content their kids (especially the youngest) access online. Security software providers behind tools like VPN and antivirus solutions have been refining parental control capabilities lately to address the issue.
Although, also for Sablovskaja, it’s time for governments to implement stronger solutions. She said: “Systematic measures are essential to safeguard children in the digital space—not only in their immediate environments, such as family and school but also at national and global levels.”
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